The agreement states that „one must not interfere in the internal affairs of the other.” In April 1954, India, which considered Tibet to be part of China, concluded an agreement with China on the principle of „Panchsheel”. The main points of the Panchsheel Agreement were: Question 11. What does Panchsheel mean? (All India 2011) Answer: The Panchsheel Agreement was signed in 1954 by Zhou Enlai (Premier of China) and his Indian counterpart Pandit Nehru. In that agreement, the five principles were set out as follows: Question 13. What is the Shimla Agreement? Name the signatories. (Delhi 2010) Answer: The Shimla Agreement is the agreement signed between India and Pakistan in 1972 to end the war between the two countries. Its main signatories were Mrs. Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Although the immediate Prime Minister Nehru tried to establish good relations between the two countries through the Panchsheel agreement, he did not succeed, and the 1962 war took place between the two countries.
The Panchsheel agreement covered mutual relations and trade between India and Tibet, the territory of China. Its first formal codification in the form of a treaty took place in 1954 in an agreement between China and India – the „Agreement (with Exchange of Notes) on Trade and Transport between the Tibet Region of China and India”, which was signed in Beijing on April 29, 1954.   The Panchsheel was later adopted in a series of resolutions and declarations around the world. Question 3. Explain the circumstances that forced Tibetans to leave China. Highlighting India`s Role in Helping Tibetan Refugees, All of India 2015 OR What was the Tibet issue? How did the tensions between India and China come about? Explain. (Delhi 2012) OR What was the tibet issue? How has India helped Tibetan migrants settle? (All India 2012) Answer: China has administered Tibet since its earliest times and wanted to control all its parts, which China did in 1950. Tibet has been a good friend of India since history, so India insisted that China grant independence to Tibet.
Under the Panchsheel Agreement, India gave way to China`s claim to Tibet. China has assured India that it will grant full autonomy. But these problems in Tibet led to a war between China and India. China has often stressed its close link with the Five Principles.  It had presented them as the five principles of peaceful coexistence at the beginning of the negotiations held in Delhi from December 1953 to April 1954 between the delegation of the Government of the PRC and the delegation of the Government of India on relations between the two countries with regard to the disputed territories of Aksai Chin and what China calls South Tibet and India Arunachal Pradesh took place. The above-mentioned agreement of 29 April 1954 was to last eight years.  At its expiration, relations were already deteriorating, the extension provision of the agreement was not invoked, and the Sino-Indian war broke out between the two sides. At the beginning of the 1959 Tibetan uprising, the Dalai Lama and his followers fled Tibet with the help of the CIA to protect their lives in India. The Indian government granted them asylum, and it was from there that the Panchsheel agreement between India and China was broken.
In this way, the Panchsheel agreement was a stimulating step to repair the economic and political relations between India and China, but China wrongly took advantage of it and stabbed India in the back several times. Question 17. How did the Tibet Plateau become a subject of tension between India and China? (HOTS; Delhi 2008,-All India 2008) Answer: Under the Panchsheel Agreement, India granted China`s claim to Tibet. China has assured India that it will grant full autonomy. But these problems in Tibet led to a war between China and India. Now, in this article, let us know what the Panchsheel agreement between India and China was and why was it made? China emphasized the Panchsheel Agreement at the beginning of the negotiations between India, which took place in Delhi from December 1953 to April 1954 between the delegations of the two countries. The negotiations revolved around the controversial Aksai Chin and what China calls South Timor and India Arunachal Pradesh. The agreement of 29 April 1954 was to last eight years.
By the time it expired, relations between the two men had deteriorated, so that the prospects for a renewal of the 1962 Sino-Indian War would break out between the two, straining the Panchsheel Agreement in the coming decades. The Panchsheel, or five principles of peaceful coexistence, were officially signed for the first time between India and the Tibet region of China on April 29, 1954. The agreement was signed between then-Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and China`s first Prime Minister, Chou En-Lai. The Panchsheel Agreement, also known as the Five Principles of Coexistence, is a set of principles that govern relations between states. They were first codified in 1954 in an agreement between India and China. Question 12. List two problems faced by the Indian government after 1971-72. (Delhi 2010) Answer: Two problems that India faced after 1971-72 are: Question 2. Propose two measures to have good relations with Pakistan. (All India 2015) Answer: Two measures to have good relations with Pakistan are as follows: This is the essence of Panchsheel which emphasizes „peaceful coexistence” and cooperation in mutual interest.